Friday, May 29, 2020

May 28, 2020


To my clients,

I am sorry to tell you that ill health has stopped me from practicing law for at least the foreseeable future and so I am unable to represent you regarding legal matters. Fortunately, however, Attorney Donald H. Sienkiewicz a friend and fellow elder law attorney who has been helping me to wind up my law firm has agreed to take over my practice. If I return to the practice of law, it will likely be in association with Attorney Sienkiewicz.

Attorney Sienkiewicz will be meeting with clients in Wolfeboro at the Law Office of Paul Pike, Esq., and meeting with clients by Zoom online video conferencing.

You may make an appointment with Donald by contacting his outreach coordinator, Katja Sienkiewicz, at
(603) 554-8464,, or
Estate Preservation & Planning Law Office, 
109 Ponemah Road, Suite F, 
Amherst, NH 03101.

Regarding your files, you may leave them with Donald, you may pick them up at my home in Wolfeboro, you can have them mailed to you or your lawyer for the cost of postage, or you may have me destroy them. Your files include your signed original estate planning documents, if you left those with me, and your closed files, that hold copies of documents that I gathered or created for past legal matters or estate planning. Donald will keep your original estate planning documents safe until you need them and scan the copies in your closed files into a digital file format to reduce storage space. Please contact Katja and let her know your wishes for your files.

If you have funds in my client trust account, I will provide you with an accounting of your funds and a check for the balance of your funds.  If you continue your legal work with Donald, I will turn your funds over to him. Again, please let Katja know your wishes.

While I think you would like working with Donald, you may also choose another attorney. To find another attorney, you can call other local attorneys or call the Lawyer Referral Service of the NH Bar Association at (603) 229-0002.

I have enjoyed getting to know you and providing you with legal services over the past years and I wish the best for you and your loved ones.

Very truly yours,

G. Thomas Bickford

Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Keeping Ma on the farm, when Pa goes to the home

Attorney Tom Bickford will explain the Medicaid rules for married couples financing long term care in a nursing home at the Wolfeboro Senior Center on January 8, 2015, 1:00 PM at All Saints Church, 258 South Main Street, Wolfeboro.  He will focus on the Medicaid rules for married couples that shelter assets to allow the healthier spouse to continue living independently in their community.  He will also explain the difference between Medicare and Medicaid, the asset, income and medical eligibility requirements for Medicaid nursing home benefits, what assets are sheltered under Medicaid’s spousal protection rules, and specifically whether Medicaid requires a couple to sell their house or have a lien placed on it to receive benefits.    

Attorney G. Thomas Bickford has practiced law for over 15 years in Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, where he focuses his practice on the legal concerns of elders and their families.  He is admitted to practice before the state and federal courts of New Hampshire, New York and Connecticut. Mr. Bickford is a former president of the board of directors and current member of the New Hampshire Chapter of the National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys, Inc., (NAELA) He also serves on the chapter’s legislative and technology committees. He is a member of the New Hampshire Bar Association (Elder Law, Estate Planning, Probate Law and Real Property Law Sections). In addition, he worked for several years as the general editor of “The Elder Law Portfolio Series” used as a reference by elder law attorneys across the nation. He earned his law degree from Pace University School of Law, where he was a member of the school’s Environmental Law Review, a senior legal intern with the John Jay Legal Services Health Law Clinic, and an editor of the law school’s newspaper.  Attorney Bickford has been a volunteer with the Wolfeboro Fire Department, the Village Players community theater and the Medical Reserve Corps and Community Emergency Response Team of the Carroll County Coalition for Public Health.  

Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Elder Law Discussion at Wolfeboro Seniors Center

I spoke at the Wolfeboro Senior Center on the role of durable powers of attorney, medical powers of Attorney and Living wills, Wills and Trusts.  I also spoke about the new law that allows Nursing Homes and Assisted Family members to sue friends and family helping  nursing home residents or who received gifts from the residents for the time for which Medicaid refuses to pay. The Senior Center hosted event which was open to the public and joined by the members of the Wolfeboro Seniors Club.

The four course meal was delicious and my fellow diners were delightfully cordial and entertaining.  I got to visit with folks from Wolfeboro, Brookfield, New Durham, Westchester County and Long Island, New York, where I attended law school and the Wolfeboro Seniors Club, a longtime friend of my families and the mother of high school friend.  In other words, I had a fun visit and a great audience for my presentation who asked excellent questions.
Thank you to Lynn Tyler for inviting me. 

Monday, January 7, 2013

Health Care Reform Implementation Timeline

Based on a Kaiser Family Foundation timeline. For more detail, visit

Insurance Reforms in 2010
• Provides insurance coverage to individuals with pre-existing conditions through temporary high-risk pools.
• Prohibits insurers from denying coverage to children based on a pre-existing condition.
• Allows young adults to stay on their parents’ insurance plans until age 26.
• Prohibits insurers from placing lifetime dollar limits on coverage.
• Prohibits insurers from dropping coverage when a beneficiary becomes ill — a practice called recission.
• Creates a temporary reinsurance program for employers providing health insurance coverage to retirees over age 55 who are not eligible for Medicare.


• Provides a $250 rebate to Medicare beneficiaries who reach the Part D “donut hole” in 2010.

Long-Term Care in 2011

• Establishes a national, voluntary, long-term care insurance program (CLASS program), which will provide a cash benefit to enrollees for the purchase of long-term care services.


• Eliminates cost-sharing for preventive services such as colonoscopies and mammograms in Medicare.
• Provides Medicare beneficiaries with a free annual check up.
• Gives Medicare beneficiaries who reach the Part D “donut hole” a 50 percent discount on brand-name prescriptions and a seven percent discount on generic prescriptions.
• Restructures payments to Medicare Advantage plans by setting payments to different percentages of traditional Medicare rates.
• Prohibits Medicare Advantage plans from imposing higher cost-sharing requirements for some Medicare covered benefits than is required under traditional Medicare.
• Freezes the income threshold for income-related Medicare Part B premiums for 2011 through 2019 at 2010 levels, and reduces the Medicare Part D premium subsidy for those with incomes above $85,000/individual and $170,000/couple.


• Creates the State Balancing Incentive Program
in Medicaid to provide increased federal Medicaid matching payments to states to increase non-institutionally based long-term care services.
• Establishes the Community First Choice Option in Medicaid to provide community-based support services to people with disabilities.

Medicare in 2012

• Reduces Medicare payments to hospitals that have preventable hospital re-admissions.
• Provides bonus payments to high-quality Medicare Advantage plans.

Tax Changes

• Increases the threshold for the itemized deduction for unreimbursed medical expenses from 7.5 percent of adjusted gross income to 10 percent of adjusted gross income for regular tax purposes and waives the increase for individuals age 65 and older for tax years 2013 through 2016.
• Increases the Medicare Part A (hospital insurance) tax rate on earnings over $200,000 per individual and $250,000 per couple, and imposes a tax increase on unearned income for higher-income taxpayers.
• Eliminates the tax-deduction for employers who receive Medicare Part D retiree drug subsidy payments.

Individual and Employer Requirements in 2014

• Requires insurers to offer coverage and renewal of insurance to individuals regardless of health status and limits premium variation.
• Sets limits on annual out-of-pocket health costs for those with incomes of up to 400 percent of the federal poverty level (FPL) as follows:
–100–200% FPL: $1,983/individual, $3,967/family;
–200–300% FPL: $2,975/individual, $5,950/family;
–300–400% FPL: $3,987/individual, $7,973/family.

Premium Subsidies

• Provides refundable and advanceable premium credits and cost sharing subsidies to eligible individuals and families with incomes between 133–400 percent of FPL to purchase insurance through the Exchanges.
• Reduces the out-of-pocket costs for prescriptions while an enrollee is in the coverage gap before becoming eligible for catastrophic coverage.
• Establishes an Independent Payment Advisory Board to submit legislative proposals for Medicare cost-savings.
• Requires Medicare Advantage plans to spend 85 percent of every dollar they receive on health care.


• Requires that states extend spousal impoverishment protections to participants in their HCBS (home- or community-based care) waiver programs, HCBS state plan benefit, and Community First Choice benefit (through 2019).

Tax Changes in 2015 and Later

• Imposes a tax on insurers of employer-sponsored health plans with values that exceed $10,200 for individual coverage and $27,500 for family coverage (effective 1/1/2018).
• Between 2010 and 2020, the Part D “donut hole” will be gradually closed.

This information is provided as a public service and is not intended as legal advice. Such advice should be obtained from a qualified Elder and Special Needs Law attorney.

Wednesday, January 2, 2013

Why Work With An Elder Law Attorney

Why Work with an Elder Law Attorney?

Seniors face complex legal concerns that are often different from what they faced when they were younger. Actions taken may have unintended legal effects. As a senior or someone who’s helping make decisions for a senior, it’s important that you work with an attorney who specializes in Elder Law.

What Is Elder Law?

Elder Law encompasses many different fields of law. An Elder Law attorney specializes in how to best use their knowledge to fit the needs of seniors. Some of these fields include:

• Preservation/transfer of assets seeking to avoid spousal impoverishment when a spouse enters a nursing home

• Medicaid

• Medicare claims and appeals

• Social security and disability claims and appeals

• Supplemental and long-term health insurance issues

• Disability planning, including use of durable powers of attorney, living trusts, "living wills," for financial management and health care decisions, and other means of delegating management and decision-making to another in case of incompetency or incapacity

• Conservatorships and guardianships

• Estate planning, including planning for the management of one's estate during life and its disposition on death through the use of trusts, wills, and other planning documents

• Probate

• Administration and management of trusts and estates

• Long-term care placements in nursing home and life care communities

• Nursing home issues including questions of patients' rights and nursing home quality

• Elder abuse and fraud recovery cases

• Housing issues, including discrimination and home equity conversions

• Age discrimination in employment

• Retirement, including public and private retirement benefits, survivor benefits, and pension benefits

• Health law
• Mental health law

Most Elder Law attorneys do not specialize in every one of these areas, so when an attorney says he or she practices Elder Law, find out which of these matters he or she handles. You will want to hire the attorney who regularly handles matters in the area of concern in your particular case and who will know enough about the other fields to question whether the action being taken might be affected by laws in any of the other areas of law. For example, if you are going to rewrite your will and your spouse is ill, the estate planner needs to know enough about Medicaid to know whether it is an issue with regard to your spouse's inheritance.

Tuesday, January 1, 2013

NAELA Report on Senate "Fiscal Cliff" Legislation

The Senate “Fiscal Cliff” Legislation

The Senate passed a compromise bill, the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, to avert the fiscal cliff at about 2 a.m. January by an overwhelming 89-8 vote. The deal was brokered by Vice President Biden and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell. The House has not voted on the bill and there are reports that the Republicans are overwhelmingly opposed to the deal (in part because it does not cut enough spending) and will need to amend the bill in order to secure the necessary votes. If the bill is amended and sent back to the Senate, it may loose support from the Democrats in the Senate and the White House.

The bill addresses many of the outstanding fiscal cliff concerns, including the
Bush era tax rates, estate and gift tax rates, Medicare reimbursement, and the sequester, among numerous other issues. In addition, federal unemployment benefits would be extended for a year without a budget offset elsewhere.

The bill will extend current tax rates for individuals earning less than $400,000 and couples earning less than $450,000. Tax rates will revert to the Clinton-era rate of 39.6% from 35% for those making more than $400,000.

The estate tax exemption will remain the same as 2012 at $5.12 million per person (and will be indexed for inflation). Effective January 1, 2013, the top estate tax rate will increase from 35% to 40%. These rates and exemption levels are permanently extended. Portability is also extended and the gift tax exemption will remain at $5 million as well.

The payroll tax holiday will not be extended for another year. Since 2011, the payroll tax rate, which funds Social Security, was 4.2%. The payroll tax rate will now revert to the pre-2010 level of 6.2%.

The bill addressed sequestration and delayed the automatic spending cuts by two months until March 1, 2013. The cost of continuing current spending levels will be paid equally through tax revenue increases and later spending cuts (half of those $12 billion in cuts will come from defense and half of those cuts from nondefense spending). The bill reduces the total amount of the sequester by $24 billion over nine years.

There is a one year “doc fix” included in the bill. This “doc fix” prevents the scheduled 27% reimbursement cuts to Medicare physicians. The “doc fix” will not be paid through cuts to the Affordable Care Act or to beneficiaries.

Also included in the bill, and of particular interest to NAELA members, are the repeal of the CLASS Act and the establishment of a Commission on Long-Term Care. It is reported that President Obama agreed to repeal the CLASS program in exchange for Republicans agreeing to raise the tax rates on the wealthiest Americans.

NAELA’s public policy team is closely monitoring the creation of a Commission on Long-Term Care. The Commission will “develop a plan for the establishment, implementation, and financing of a comprehensive, coordinated, and high-quality system that ensures the availability of long-term services and supports.” The Commission will investigate the interaction between Medicare, Medicaid, and private long-term care insurance. The Commission should account for demographic changes and trends in order to improve the delivery system for long-term services and supports. The Commission will consist of 15 members with the President, Senate majority leader, Senate minority leader, Speaker of the House, and House minority leader each appointing 3 members. Members will represent the interests of consumers, older adults, family caregivers, health care workforce, private long-term care insurance, State insurance departments, and State Medicaid agencies.

Monday, July 9, 2012

Estate tax changes for couples

The clock is ticking to make strategic changes before the end of 2012.

Fidelity Viewpoints
– 01/13/2012

Couples with estate planning needs only have a one-year window of opportunity to make changes or adjustments to their estate plans before federal estate tax exemption levels change and tax hikes set in on January 1, 2013.

For 2012, the current law provides a generous $5,120,000 per person federal estate tax exemption and taxes estates over that amount at a top rate of 35%. This compares with a $1 million per person federal estate tax exemption and a 55% effective top tax rate scheduled to go into effect on January 1, 2013.

Perhaps even more important for some married couples, the current law contains a portability provision. During 2012, if one spouse dies without using up his or her federal estate tax exemption, the unused portion may be transferred to the surviving spouse if elected by the executor of the estate of the first-to-die spouse.

To read more click here Estate Tax Changes for Couples, cont.